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Conversion Formulas

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CONVERSION FORMULAS & TABLES

 

LENGTH

 

To convert a length from a unit in the left-hand column into a unit in the top row, multiply by the factor listed in the table.  For example, to convert a 3.0 inch length into centimeters, multiply by 2.54 for a result of 7.62 centimeters.

 

 

mil

inch

foot

yard

micron

millimeter

centimeter

meter

mil

1

0.001

8.333E-05

2.778E-05

25.4

0.0254

0.00254

2.54E-05

inch

1000

1

0.08333

0.02778

25400

25.4

2.54

0.0254

foot

12000

12

1

0.3333

304800

304.8

30.48

0.3048

yard

36000

36

3

1

914400

914.4

91.44

0.9144

micron

0.03937

3.937E-05

3.281E-06

1.094E-06

1

0.001

0.0001

1.00E-06

millimeter

39.37

0.03937

0.003281

0.001094

1000

1

0.1

0.001

centimeter

393.7

0.3937

0.03281

0.01094

10000

10

1

0.01

meter

39370

39.37

3.281

1.094

1000000

1000

100

1

 

AREA

 

To convert an area from a unit in the left-hand column into a unit in the top row, multiply by the factor listed in the table.  For example, to convert 3.0 square feet into square centimeters, multiply by 929.1 for a result of 2,787 square centimeters.

 

 

sq. inch

sq. foot

sq. yard

sq. millimeter

sq. centimeter

sq. meter

square inch

1

0.006944

7.716E-04

645.2

6.452

6.452E-04

square foot

144

1

0.1111

92909

929.1

0.09291

square yard

1296

9

1

836179

8362

0.8362

square millimeter

0.00155

1.076E-05

1.196E-06

1

0.01

1.00E-06

square centimeter

0.155

0.001076

1.196E-04

100

1

0.0001

square meter

1550

10.76

1.196

1000000

10000

1

 

VOLUME

 

To convert a volume from a unit in the left-hand column into a unit in the top row, multiply by the factor listed in the table.  For example, to convert 3.0 fluid ounces into cubic centimeters, multiply by 29.57 for a result of 88.7 cubic centimeters.

 

 

cu. inch

cu. foot

cu. yard

fl. oz. (U.S.)

gallon

(U.S. liq.)

gallon (Imp.)

cu. meter

liter

cubic inch

1

5.787E-04

2.143E-05

0.5541

0.004329

0.003606

1.639E-05

0.01639

cubic foot

1728

1

0.03704

957.5

7.481

6.231

0.02832

28.32

cubic yard

46656

27

1

25852

202.0

168.2

0.7646

764.6

fluid oz. (U.S.)

1.8047

0.001044

3.867E-05

1

0.007813

0.006508

2.957E-05

0.02957

gallon (U.S. liq.)

231

0.13368

0.004951

128

1

0.8327

0.003785

3.785

gallon (Imperial)

277.4

0.1605

0.005946

153.7

1.201

1

0.004546

4.546

cubic meter

61020

35.31

1.308

33814

264.2

220.0

1

1000

liter

61.02

0.03531

0.001308

33.81

0.2642

0.2200

0.001

1

 

WEIGHT & MASS

 

To convert a mass from a unit in the left-hand column into a unit in the top row, multiply by the factor listed in the table.  For example, to convert 3.0 pounds into grams, multiply by 453.6 for a result of 1,361 grams.

 

 

ounce (avdp)

ounce (troy)

pound

ton

milligram

gram

kilogram

metric ton

ounce (avdp)

1

0.9115

0.0625

3.125E-05

28350

28.35

0.02835

2.835E-05

ounce (troy)

1.097

1

0.06857

3.429E-05

31103

31.10

0.03110

3.11E-05

pound

16

14.58

1

0.0005

453592

453.6

0.4536

4.536E-04

ton

32000

29167

2000

1

9.072E+08

907184

907.2

0.9072

milligram

3.527E-05

3.215E-05

2.205E-06

1.102E-09

1

0.001

1.00E-06

1.00E-09

gram

0.03527

0.03215

0.002205

1.102E-06

1000

1

0.001

1.00E-06

kilogram

35.27

32.15

2.205

0.001102

1000000

1000

1

0.001

metric ton

35274

32151

2205

1.102

1.00E+09

1000000

1000

1

 

FORCE & ENERGY

 

 [Under construction.] 

 

BIRMINGHAM WIRE GAUGE SYSTEM FOR WALL THICKNESS

 

BWG #

inch

mm

BWG #

inch

mm

BWG #

inch

mm

BWG #

inch

mm

5/0

0.500

12.70

7

0.180

4.57

17

0.058

1.47

27

0.016

0.41

4/0

0.454

11.53

8

0.165

4.19

18

0.049

1.24

28

0.014

0.36

3/0

0.425

10.80

9

0.148

3.76

19

0.042

1.07

29

0.013

0.33

2/0

0.380

9.65

10

0.134

3.40

20

0.035

0.89

30

0.012

0.30

0 or 1/0

0.340

8.64

11

0.120

3.05

21

0.032

0.81

31

0.010

0.25

1

0.300

7.62

12

0.109

2.77

22

0.028

0.71

32

0.009

0.23

2

0.284

7.21

13

0.095

2.41

23

0.025

0.64

33

0.008

0.20

3

0.259

6.58

14

0.083

2.11

24

0.022

0.56

34

0.007

0.18

4

0.238

6.05

15

0.072

1.83

25

0.020

0.51

35

0.005

0.13

5

0.220

5.59

16

0.065

1.65

26

0.018

0.46

36

0.004

0.10

6

0.203

5.16

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

IPS & EMT PIPE SYSTEMS

 

Nominal

True Diameter

Schedule 5

Schedule 10

Schedule 40

Schedule 80

Schedule 160

Diameter

inch

mm

inch

mm

inch

mm

inch

mm

inch

mm

inch

mm

1/8"

0.405

10.29

 

 

0.049

1.24

0.068

1.73

0.095

2.41

 

 

1/4"

0.540

13.72

 

 

0.065

1.65

0.088

2.24

0.119

3.02

 

 

3/8"

0.675

17.15

 

 

0.065

1.65

0.091

2.31

0.126

3.20

 

 

1/2"

0.840

21.34

0.065

1.65

0.083

2.11

0.109

2.77

0.147

3.73

0.187

4.75

3/4"

1.050

26.67

0.065

1.65

0.083

2.11

0.113

2.87

0.154

3.91

0.218

5.54

1"

1.315

33.40

0.065

1.65

0.109

2.77

0.133

3.38

0.179

4.55

0.250

6.35

1-1/4"

1.660

42.16

0.065

1.65

0.109

2.77

0.140

3.56

0.191

4.85

0.250

6.35

1-1/2"

1.900

48.26

0.065

1.65

0.109

2.77

0.145

3.68

0.200

5.08

0.281

7.14

2"

2.375

60.33

0.065

1.65

0.109

2.77

0.154

3.91

0.218

5.54

0.343

8.71

2-1/2"

2.875

73.03

0.083

2.11

0.120

3.05

0.203

5.16

0.276

7.01

0.375

9.53

3"

3.500

88.90

0.083

2.11

0.120

3.05

0.216

5.49

0.300

7.62

0.437

11.10

3-1/2"

4.000

101.60

0.083

2.11

0.120

3.05

0.226

5.74

0.318

8.08

 

 

4"

4.500

114.30

0.083

2.11

0.120

3.05

0.237

6.02

0.337

8.56

0.531

13.49

5"

5.563

141.30

0.109

2.77

0.134

3.40

0.258

6.55

0.375

9.53

0.625

15.88

6"

6.625

168.28

0.109

2.77

0.134

3.40

0.280

7.11

0.432

10.97

0.718

18.24

 

K-TYPE & L-TYPE COPPER PIPE SYSTEMS

 

Nominal

True Diameter

K-Type WT

L-Type WT

Diameter

inch

mm

inch

mm

inch

mm

1/4"

0.375

9.53

0.035

0.89

0.030

0.76

3/8"

0.500

12.70

0.049

1.24

0.035

0.89

1/2"

0.625

15.88

0.049

1.24

0.040

1.02

5/8"

0.750

19.05

0.049

1.24

0.042

1.07

3/4"

0.875

22.23

0.065

1.65

0.045

1.14

1"

1.125

28.58

0.065

1.65

0.050

1.27

1-1/4"

1.375

34.93

0.065

1.65

0.055

1.40

1-1/2"

1.625

41.28

0.072

1.83

0.060

1.52

2"

2.125

53.98

0.083

2.11

0.070

1.78

2-1/2"

2.625

66.68

0.095

2.41

0.080

2.03

3"

3.125

79.38

0.109

2.77

0.090

2.29

3-1/2"

3.625

92.08

0.120

3.05

0.100

2.54

4"

4.125

104.78

0.134

3.40

0.110

2.79

5"

5.125

130.18

0.160

4.06

0.125

3.18

6"

6.125

155.58

0.192

4.88

0.140

3.56


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