The reduction in the diameter of the tube as the lengthening outside radius pulls inwards while being stretched between the clamp die and pressure die. Reduction is mitigated by reducing drag at the point of bend.
FREE Tube-Bending Guide Download:
A complete guide to the principles of the 4-Step set-up for tube-bending tools
This is a printable handbook showing how to implement in four standardized steps the “forward mandrel” set-up for rotary-draw tube-bending machines and establish process control over the so-called black art. The procedure is based upon the guiding principle that the tools make the bend and takes advantage of the inserted design of modern mandrel tooling.